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Object detector using arduion

It is simple object detector project using arduino ultrasonic module

Parts list--

Bread board

LED ( RED & GREEN)

Resistor -220 ohms

Male to male jumper wire

arduino uno

arduino ultrasonic module ( HC-SR04)


HC-SR04 connection

VCC--5V
GND--GND
TRIG-- D2
ECHO-D3

LED RED -- D8
GND via resistor

LED GREEN-- D9
GND via resistor

PIEZO BUZZER --D11

GND--GND

Supply 9V Battery





ARDUINO CODE :-


//Ultasonic Sensor

//Pins connected to the ultrasonic sensor
#define trigPin  2
#define echoPin 3
//LED pins
#define ledGreen 9
#define ledRed 8
//Pin connected to the piezo buzzer
#define alarm 11

int range = 5;//range in inches

void setup() {
  // initialize serial communication:
  Serial.begin(9600);
  //initialize the sensor pins
  pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);
  //initialize LED pins
  pinMode(ledGreen, OUTPUT);
  pinMode(ledRed, OUTPUT);
  //set LEDs
  digitalWrite(ledGreen, HIGH);
  digitalWrite(ledRed, LOW);
  
}
void loop()
{
  // establish variables for duration of the ping, 
  // and the distance result in inches and centimeters:
  long duration, inches, cm;

  // The PING))) is triggered by a HIGH pulse of 2 or more microseconds.
  // Give a short LOW pulse beforehand to ensure a clean HIGH pulse:
  digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);
  delayMicroseconds(2);
  digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);
  delayMicroseconds(5);
  digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);

  // Take reading on echo pin
  duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);

  // convert the time into a distance
  inches = microsecondsToInches(duration);
  cm = microsecondsToCentimeters(duration);
  
  Serial.print(inches);
  Serial.print("in, ");
  Serial.print(cm);
  Serial.print("cm");
  Serial.println();
  
  if(inches < 5) {
    Serial.println("DANGER");
    digitalWrite(ledGreen, LOW);
    digitalWrite(ledRed, HIGH); 
    tone(alarm, 2000); 
    delay(100);
  } else {
    Serial.println("GOOD");
     digitalWrite(ledGreen, HIGH);
     digitalWrite(ledRed, LOW); 
     noTone(alarm);
     delay(100);
  }  
  
  delay(200);
}

long microsecondsToInches(long microseconds)
{
  // According to Parallax's datasheet for the PING))), there are
  // 73.746 microseconds per inch (i.e. sound travels at 1130 feet per
  // second).  This gives the distance travelled by the ping, outbound
  // and return, so we divide by 2 to get the distance of the obstacle.
  // See: http://www.parallax.com/dl/docs/prod/acc/28015-PING-v1.3.pdf
  return microseconds / 74 / 2;
}

long microsecondsToCentimeters(long microseconds)
{
  // The speed of sound is 340 m/s or 29 microseconds per centimeter.
  // The ping travels out and back, so to find the distance of the
  // object we take half of the distance travelled.
  return microseconds / 29 / 2;
}






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